constantine iii byzantine emperor


Constantine III (February - April/May 641 A.D.) R. Scott Moore. Gerontius trapped Constantine inside Arles and besieged him. Constantine IV (Greek: Κωνσταντῖνος Δ', Kōnstantinos IV, Latin: Flavius Constantinus Augustus) (c. 652 – 14 September 685), sometimes incorrectly called Pogonatos, "the Bearded", out of confusion with his father, [1] was Byzantine Emperor from 668 to 685. Constantine rose to power during a bloody struggle in Roman Britain and was acclaimed emperor by the local legions in 407. It was rumoured that he was poisoned by order of his stepmother, but he may have died of tuberculosis. 685 - 695. [citation needed] They wanted to replace Honorius with a more capable ruler. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Byzantine (Eastern Roman) Emperors. He is often confused with the Constantine found in Geoffrey of Monmouth's highly popular and imaginative Historia Regum Britanniae, who comes to power following Gracianus Municeps' reign. He arrived at Arles and put Gerontius to flight. Leontios. [18], Constans left his wife and household at Saragossa under the care of Gerontius and returned to Arles to report to his father. It was later displayed outside Carthage. [10] Despite Constantine's best efforts, the feared attack from Hispania came the following year, when Gerontius advanced with the support of his barbarian allies. Flavius Claudius Constantinus,[2] known in English as Constantine III (died shortly before 18 September 411), was a Roman general who declared himself Western Roman Emperor in Britannia in 407 and established himself in Gaul. Succeeded to throne with Constantine III following the death of Heraclius. "Marcus, Gratian, Constantine", This page was last edited on 9 January 2021, at 01:08. HeraclonasConstantineIII. [4] Their first two choices, Marcus and Gratian, did not meet their expectations and were killed. For the principal treatment of the…, Emperor, title designating the sovereign of an empire, conferred originally on rulers of the ancient Roman Empire and on various later European rulers, though the term is also applied descriptively to some non-European monarchs. Flavius Claudius Constantinus, known in English as Constantine III (died shortly before 18 September 411) was a Roman general who declared himself Western Roman Emperor in Britannia in 407 and established himself in Gaul. In 732 CE he married Irene, the daughter of the Turkic tribal leader Khazar khan, although, following her premature death, the emperor would marry twice more. Constantine VIII, (born 960/961—died Nov. 12, 1028), Byzantine emperor, coemperor with his brother Basil II from c. 962 to 1025 and sole ruler from 1025 to 1028. Constantine III ( Greek: Κωνσταντῖνος Γ΄; 3 May 612 – 20 April or 24/26 May 641) was Byzantine Emperor for four months in 641. Constantine was crowned co-emperor with his father in 720 CE. Constantine's birth name was Heraclius Novus Constantinus, (Greek: Ἡράκλειος νέος Κωνσταντῖνος), which was also the official name under which he reigned. This is a list of the emperors of the Eastern Roman Empire, commonly known as the Byzantine Empire by modern historians. [22][citation needed] Distressed that Constantine had failed to defend them, the Roman inhabitants of Britain and Armorica (Brittany) rebelled and expelled his officials. Corrections? [10] Constantine's praetorian prefect Decimus Rusticus, who had replaced Apollinaris a year earlier, abandoned Constantine to be caught up in the new rebellion of Jovinus in the Rhineland. [25] His head, on a pole, was presented to Emperor Honorius on 18 September. Stevens, C.E. [21], At about the same time Saxon pirates raided Britain, which Constantine had left defenceless. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... History, the discipline that studies the chronological record of events (as affecting a nation or people), based on a critical examination of source materials and usually presenting an explanation of their causes. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Constantine-III-Byzantine-emperor, Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors - Constantine III. [8] The Roman forces in Gaul (modern France) declared for him, followed by most of those in Hispania (modern Spain). [22] But on his arrival Edobichus was defeated in an ambush. Emperor January 27, 945 - November 9, 959 Full name Constantine Porphyrogenitus. On 31 December 406 several tribes of barbarian invaders, including the Vandals, the Burgundians, the Alans and the Sueves had crossed the Rhine, perhaps near Mainz, and overrun the Roman defensive works in a successful invasion of the Western Roman Empire. [19], That year was Constantine's high-water mark. While he had been fighting Honorius' armies, some of the Vandal tribes had overrun Constantine's Rhine defenses and spent two years and eight months burning and plundering their way through Gaul. Constantine III, also called Heraclius Constantine, (born May 3, 612—died April or May, 641), Byzantine emperor from January to April or May 641. 641 - 668. Constantine III (28 years of age) was the eldest son of Heraclius by his late first wife, Okee-Dokia, while Heraklonas (15) was his eldest by his second wife, Martina Hingis. He crossed the Channel at Bononia (Boulogne) and (historians have assumed) took with him all of the mobile troops left in Britain, thus denuding the province of any first line military protection and explaining the disappearance of the legions from Britannia in the early fifth century. Constantine (name), a gien name an surname Constantine I, Roman Emperor frae 306 tae 337, commonly kent as Constantine the Great; It mey an aw refer tae: [24] Constantine, his hopes fading after his troops guarding the Rhine abandoned him to support Jovinus, surrendered to Constantius. He was the eldest son of the … He was co-emperor from 409 until 411. Constantine III (Greek: Κωνσταντῖνος Γ΄ ; Latin: Heraclius Novus Constantinus Augustus ; 3 May 612 – 20 April or 24/26 May 641) was Byzantine emperor for four months in 641, making him the shortest reigning Byzantine emperor. Flavius Claudius Constantinus, known in English as Constantine III (died 411 by 18 September) was a Roman general who declared himself Western Roman Emperor in Britannia in 407 and established himself in Gaul.. Recognised by the Emperor Honorius in 409, collapsing support and military setbacks saw him abdicate in 411. [12] With these advances, Constantine controlled all of Gaul and garrisoned the Alpine passes into Italy. Accession. The military flavour of the ceremony would continue into the 6th century CE but an important and lasting addition was the role played by the Patriarch of Constantinople from the 5th century CE onwards. In republican Rome (c. 509–27 bce), imperator denoted a victorious…, Byzantine Empire, the eastern half of the Roman Empire, which survived for a thousand years after the western half had crumbled into various feudal kingdoms and which finally fell to Ottoman Turkish onslaughts in 1453. Gerontius committed suicide and many of his troops deserted to Constantius, who took over the siege. [20] Intrigue within the Imperial court caused the general Sarus and his men to abandon the western army. Constantine rose to power during a bloody struggle in Roman Britain and was acclaimed emperor by the local legions in 407. 695 - 698. Biography of Constantine III (Byzantine emperor) (excerpt) Constantine III (Greek: Κωνσταντίνος Γ'; 3 May 612 – 20 April or 24/26 May 641) was Byzantine Emperor for four months in 641. Constantine feared that Honorius' cousins would organise an attack from that direction while troops under Sarus and Stilicho attacked him from Italy in a pincer manoeuvre. Court intrigues nearly led to a civil war, which was prevented by the death of Constantine (May 641), after a brief reign of 103 days. Constantine III and Heraklonas were Byzantine Emperors in 641 A.D., as the Empire engaged in a "rebuilding" or "youth movement." This is a list of every Byzantine emperor, empress, king and queen since the foundation of Constantinople in 330 AD, which marks the conventional start of the Byzantine Empire (or the Eastern Roman Empire), including the rulers of the modern Kingdom of Byzantium, founded in 1805. Updates? The bishop would pray over the diadem or crown, bless the imperial insignia, and anoint the emperor’s head with myrrh. [26], Athaulf the Visigoth later suppressed the revolt of Jovinus. He was the eldest son of the Byzantine Emperor Heraclius and his first wife Eudokia. This list does not include numerous co-emperors who never attained sole or senior status as rulers. (Born of the Purple Room) Born September 2, 905 Birthplace Constantinople Died November 9, 959 (aged 54) Place of death Constantinople Predecessor Alexander Successor Romanos II Wife Helena Lekapene Offspring. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). 641. As a result, Honorius recognised Constantine as co-emperor in 409. 668 - 685. Constantine had seven children in all and the birth of his first, his son Leo, would give rise to the oft-use… He promptly moved to Gaul, taking all of the mobile troops from Britain, to confront the various Germanic invaders who had crossed the Rhine the previous winter. The Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire, Locations associated with Arthurian legend, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Constantine_III_(Western_Roman_emperor)&oldid=999210618, Characters in works by Geoffrey of Monmouth, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Constantine III (Greek: Κωνσταντῖνος Γ΄ Latin: Heraclius Novus Constantinus Augustus) (3 May 612 – 20 April or 24/26 May 641) was Byzantine Emperor for four months in 641. 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