Copper had a great impact on the Holy Land, and most came from the Timna Valley in Wadi Araba near Eilat, modern Israel’s southernmost city on the Gulf of Aqaba. The earliest known ceramics, small effigies of animals and humans, are about 20,000 years old. God, as in “fire and brimstone.” The English word “brimstone” is derived from the Old English brynstan, literally meaning “burning stone,” referring to its ability to burn in air. 9.) Effect and meaning of Platinum. Platinum. Brimstone is elemental sulfur that frequently occurs in volcanic environments, hence the Old Testament’s association with fire, hell, and God’s retribution. The Hittites zealously guarded their iron-smelting methods. New Jerusalem, it was found that,- "the length and the breadth and the height of it are equal" ; (Rev. Platinum is useful to utilize in conjunction with high vibrational transformational crystals. And, in the holy city. Platinum has meaning and properties of enhancing intuition. The stones' of the sanctuary are poured out in the top of every street. The Old Testament describes the breastplate and its gemstones in detail. Biblical scholars have long debated how Solomon, the fabulously rich king of Israel from 970 to 930 B.C., amassed his fortune. of intergrowths of blue-green masses of azurite, malachite, chrysocolla, and turquoise. The metal looks like silver, and the Spaniards at first thought it an inferior sort of silver, hence the name platina. This gemstone can let you intuitively determine good choices and bad choices. The Bible mentions gold more than 400 times, and silver nearly 300 times. By 1000 B.C., natron’s most important use was in making glass, or “crystal” in the biblical terminology. So Judah "drove out the inhabitants of the mountains," the high places of the mind, because love to our Lord can drive out evil affections, which are in the high places of the mind, where love to the Lord ought, to dwell. Since then, much Eilat stone sold in Israel and abroad is actually similarly colored material from the copper mines of Africa and Arizona. It is similar to the Golden Rule, but more considerate. These baser metals are used to alloy silver ; and the fires of regeneratiion must purify our mental silver, and leave our spiritual loves free from the alloy of lower and sensuous things. The Bible also mentions “nitre” or natron (sodium carbonate decahydrate), which found use as a soap, antiseptic, disinfectant, food preservative, and medicinal compound. Two common, often-overlooked mineral resources of great importance in biblical history are limestone and clay. (Ps. Timna Valley copper occurs as both sulfide and oxide minerals emplaced in granite, dolostone, and sandstone. 16, 17, "I, Jehovah, am thy Savior and Redeemer, the Mighty One of Jacob. All information about the first name Platinum. 19 : "And Jehovah was with Judah, and he drove out the inhabitants of the mountain; but could not drive out the inhabitants of the valley, because they had chariots of iron." It states "Do unto others as they would have you do unto them, not as you would have them do unto you." Another Dead Sea resource was pitch or natural asphalt which is referred to, perhaps most famously, in the Old Testament when God instructs Noah to build an ark and “cover it inside and outside with pitch.”. As they gather silver and brass and iron and lead and tin into the midst of the furnace, .... so will I gather you,. ft. ar… It will not do to take gold, the love of the Lord, because this will not take direct hold of the evil tendency. In Moses' blessing to the children of Israel, he said to Asher, "Thy shoes shall be iron and brass;" (Deut. Utilizing its hygroscopicity, the Egyptians employed natron extensively in mummification. platinum definition: 1. a chemical element that is an extremely valuable silver-coloured metal, used in jewellery and in…. . For tools, machinery, implements, etc., iron, made into steel, is the best of all metals. For brass I will bring gold, and for iron I will bring silver, and for wood, brass, and for stones, iron ;" that is, by regeneration, our Lord gives us celestial and spiritual good and truth, instead of merely natural good and truth; and He gives us confirmed natural good, and accurate natural truth, instead of merely sensuous natural good and truth.In a bad sense, the metals are mentioned in Ezek. PLATINUM PLATING FAQS. We must take some sharp, cutting truth which applies directly to the case. It was also carved into elaborate friezes, wall-relief plaques, cornices, and columns in classical-antiquity, Hellenistic, and Roman architectural styles. Another carving material was alabaster, a dense, fine-grained, compact form of gypsum, or hydrous calcium sulfate, which often occurs in limestone formations. This pitch originated as bituminous (hydrocarbon-rich) limestone. Platinum is derived from English origins. Glass, which was then very valuable and even served as a gemstone, was made from silica sand, a lime stabilizer, and a natron flux, the latter to lower the silica’s melting point. The serpent set up in the wilderness, by Moses, was made of brass, because natural good is the remedy for sensuous evil, the bite of the venomous serpent. Soapstone, a metamorphic rock consisting primarily of talc, or hydrous magnesium silicate, is the softest mineral at Mohs 1.0. NAS Exhaustive Concordance. Just over 200 of the scrolls are partial or complete copies of Old Testament manuscripts; one is the earliest such manuscript known to exist. "Thou shalt not steal," "Thou shalt not covet," etc., are sharp tools, in the store-house of the' memory. It is enough to be called “white gold”. 13.) Mining peaked in the second century B.C., when camel caravans regularly transported tons of rock salt to distant markets. Solid, black pieces of pitch, similar in density, color, and carving properties to jet, were fashioned into ornaments. platinum meaning. xxviii. The gold of inmost love cannot do all these works, because it is on a different plane, and it is not adapted to such work. These caves contained ceramic jars holding one of the 20th century’s greatest archaeological discoveries—the Dead Sea Scrolls. Related: Platiniferous. Biblical archaeologists study ancient cultural sites and artifacts to gain insight into the Bible’s Old and New Testaments. The scrolls are written mostly on parchment, with a few inscribed on papyrus and one on a copper sheet. (Many Bible translations erroneously refer to bronze as “brass,” which is actually a modern copper-zinc alloy.). Thanks to supplies of Timna Valley copper and Kestel tin, the Bronze Age dawned in the Holy Land about 3300 B.C. "And the city was pure gold." Origin of platinum. Later, ancient Hebrew, Aramaic, Phoenician, and Hittite texts were also preserved on ceramic tablets. For instance; if we have a natural desire to take advantage of others, how shall we go to work, in our mental field, to get rid of this evil weed? And, to meet such arguments and defenses, we must use clear, natural truth, and thus show the falsity of all abuses and falsifications of truth. Miners initially collected nodules of copper minerals from the surface; later, they followed outcrops underground to carve out large systems of passageways and galleries. The spiritual meaning of this color is also positive and signifies openness and inner peace and sincere emotions that we are willing to share with other people. .and melt you." It is pure and clean, wherever it is genuine. Everyone. The latter was used to impart a gleaming, white finish to many of Jerusalem’s greatest temples and holiest sites. Scarcity is very high even in the precious metal and say platinum, there is more valuable than gold. These cultural periods occurred at different times in different regions. And such is the beautiful life of him who truly lives in the New Jerusalem, in inmost love to the Lord. | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples In building an altar, the Israelites were not to "lift up any iron tool upon it," (Deut. Platinum has meaning and properties of enhancing its owner's attractiveness. Specimens and polished cabochons of Eilat stone have been popular souvenirs of Israel since the nation was founded in 1948. Jerusalem stone was also the raw material for making lime or calcium oxide. 2, 3.) "The sin of Judah is written with a pen of iron;" (Jer. But, in the harder and ruder uses of life, gold will not suit so well as iron. General Platinum Crystal Healing Information For what and How Does One Use it? And love to our Lord is the best substance for spiritual coins, for the life of giving and taking, in our interchange of thought and feeling with our brethren. i8, 20, "The house of Israel is, to Me, become dross: all they are brass and tin and iron and lead, in the midst of the furnace ; they are dross of silver. See, for instance, the differences between gold and iron. Much Holy Land bedrock is limestone, a marine sedimentary rock consisting of at least 50 percent calcium carbonate. But it can be melted down by the fires of unholy lusts ; for then the mind ceases to abide in good. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. Without exception, the Church in every people group will have adequate biblical content in their own language. platinum meaning… And "chariots of iron" correspond to doctrines of natural truth. Platea, Platee, Platey, Plati, Platie, Platnum, Platy, and Platynum are variants of Platinum. 18.) Powered by MaryTTS How to pronounce, definition by Wiktionary dictionary. The national stone of Israel, “Eilat stone,” also known as “King Solomon’s stone,” consists. What does platinum expression mean? נְ� Ceramic writing tablets have preserved many examples of cuneiform, the earliest system of writing developed by the Sumerians around 4000 B.C. Combining archaeology with scriptural interpretation provides a clearer understanding of life as it was and the events that occurred during the biblical period, which extends more than three millennia from 3300 B.C. But, although our love to our Lord cannot drive out our natural tendency to pervert and to abuse natural truth, to justify our bad habits, yet we can drive out our spiritual enemies in the valleys of life, by employing truth on the same -plane, or level, and thus meeting the enemies on their own ground, and with similar weapons, properly used. These particles, which have sheet structures and perfect cleavage, form in surface sediments from the weathering of feldspar-group minerals. viii. xxi. And, although some metals are more precious than others, yet all are needed; for one metal cannot do the work of others. Archaeologists divide biblical history into three general periods based on the dominant. Logos 9 Reformed Platinum is a great entry point for academic study or more advanced exegesis and sermon prep. (Deut. Definition of platinum in the Idioms Dictionary. But the specimen supply ended when the last commercial copper mine closed in the 1980s. The Bible references minerals and metals more than 1,700 times, using such familiar phrases as “fire and brimstone,” “pieces of silver,” “copper from the rock,” “salt of the Earth,” and “jars of clay.” It is interesting to consider these minerals and metals not in their scriptural contexts, but from the perspectives of history, geology, and biblical archaeology. Platinum definition is - a precious grayish-white noncorroding ductile malleable heavy metallic element that fuses with difficulty and is used especially in chemical ware and apparatus, as a catalyst, and in dental and jewelry alloys. Writers used styli to impress characters into soft, wet clay which was then fired into durable tablets. The Laurion mines also yielded large amounts of lead which, in the Holy Land, served as “rebar” in the construction of stone buildings. According to The Cambridge Dictionary the plural form is the same as the singular one: . xvii. The first reference to gold is during creation of the world in the second chapter of Genesis. Thick shoreline salt encrustations were the first regional sources of salt. Copyright © 2007-2013 A. J. Coriat All rights reserved. About 1500 B.C., the Hittite Empire in Anatolia began smelting iron from bog iron ores. It has a “soapy” feel and colors ranging from off-white to grays, blues, browns, and greens. occupation which began in the first century B.C. Metals, which belong to the mineral kingdom, are classed as "precious metals" and base metals." And this can drive out our outward evil lusts and bad habits ; for it knows how to meet, and to overcome, their "chariots of iron." Without the protection of clay jars, archaeologists believe none of the scrolls would have survived. The world’s first great source of tin was Kestel in the Taurus Mountains of Anatolia (now south-central Turkey), where the mining of placer and vein deposits of cassiterite or tin dioxide began about 3400 B.C. The crust between the faults subsided, sometimes thousand of feet, to create long, linear sequence of narrow rift valleys. i), i. e., the sins of the heart are shown even by literal natural truth, in the commandments of the Lord.To show that, in the work of regeneration, we must submit to the purifying fires of temptation, as to our affections, and to the cleansing waters of truth, it is said, in Numb.- xxi. centuries as the original ancient Hebrew text was translated into Greek, Aramaic, Latin and, finally, English, the gemstone identities have become uncertain. Today, the valley, a remote, arid region of spectacular pillars, arches, and canyons, is the site of Timna Valley Park and an adjacent nature preserve. iii. Copper was hammered into flat “saw blades” which, when used in conjunction with a quartz-sand abrasive, effectively cut and shaped the blocks of Jerusalem stone. Judah, or love to the Lord, was not the appropriate principle to combat directly against the natural evils and falsities of the life, because the natural mind could argue, and defend itself, and justify its doings, by means of "chariots of iron," natural truths, literal truths, such, for instance, as can be found in the letter of the Scriptures. And gold is useful for coins, and for many ornamental purposes, as well as for useful purposes in the arts. By 1000 B.C., the systematic mining of rock salt had begun at Jebel Usdum (Mount Sodom) on the Dead Sea’s northwest coast. By the first century B.C., new glassblowing techniques could create thin-walled glass vessels in virtually any shape. ; the Iron Age started about 1200 B.C. How to pronounce, definition by Wiktionary dictionary. These represent celestial, spiritual and natural good. Holes drilled through adjoining stone blocks were filled with molten lead which then solidified to secure the blocks in place. material used in tools and weapons: the Stone Age (Neolithic), the Bronze Age, and the Iron Age. Nothing can be more useful, or more beautiful, in the mental life, than this heavenly love to our Lord, the gold of the spirit. Gold is the most precious of the metals in common use; and it corresponds to the highest things in man, the celestial things, the things of inmost love to the Lord. If you have questions about our platinum … No falsities can corrode that high and holy principle : it is proof against their cunning action. And brass represents natural good ; and iron represents natural truth ; that is, good and truth as applied to the outward life. The Holy Land’s main source of salt was the Dead Sea, which is fed by the Jordan River and has no outlets. H'ence, the laver, or great basin, for washing, was made of brass, because natural good must be that which holds the water of natural truth, when we cleanse our natural minds and lives. 37.) "Jehovah, thy God, bringeth thee into a good land : a land wherein thou shalt eat bread without scarceness : thou shalt not lack anything in it ; a land whose stones are iron and out of whose hills thou mayest dig brass." Gold will resist the action of acids which will eat into iron and other base metals. And so our Lord said to the Laodiceans, "I -counsel thee to buy of Me, gold, tried in the fire, that thou mayest be rich." (Ps. It is a dense, malleable, ductile, highly unreactive, precious, silverish-white transition metal.Its name is derived from the Spanish term platino, meaning "little silver".. Silver was much used for utensils, etc., in the temple service, and for trumpets, etc. Why would that be the case? Silver coins such as Greek drachmas and staters, Roman denarii (the Bible’s “tribute pennies”), and Tyrian shekels, were the standard mediums of exchange throughout the greater biblical region. Platinum is a member of the platinum group of elements and group 10 of the periodic table of elements. Continuous, rapid evaporation in the desert climate maintains the salinity of the Dead Sea at 34 percent, nine times higher than that of seawater. This proves once again that God speaks in numbers, even those found in atomic weights. xiii. 1 ; "How is the gold become dim ! These fragmented scrolls, more than 900 in all, are a record of the customs, rituals, and religious beliefs of the ancient Israelites. During the biblical period, salt was a widely traded commodity that was used as a food seasoning and preservative, a disinfectant, a ceremonial offering, and even a monetary-like unit of exchange. Logos 9 makes your study of the Bible easier by connecting your entire library of books to a robust set of study tools. Define platinum. xxii. )Gold, meaning inmost love, or goodness, and silver, meaning spiritual good, the good of truth, or love to the neighbor, as distinguished from love to the Lord, are often mentioned together. platinum (n.) metallic element, 1812, Modern Latin, altered from earlier platina, from Spanish platina "platinum," diminutive of plata "silver," from Old French plate or Old Provençal plata "sheet of metal" (see plate (n.)). city, and the gates thereof, and the wall thereof." This rift system began forming 35 million years ago with a westward separation of the African tectonic plate from the Asian plate and fractured the crust into long, parallel faults. It is mixed with various tempering or stabilizing materials, then fired in ovens where it dries, loses its plasticity, and hardens into permanent, molded ceramics. Most biblical scholars now agree that copper from the Timna Valley, the world’s earliest example of systematic copper mining, was indeed the source of Solomon’s wealth. Among monarchies, it usually refers to a 70th anniversary. platinum synonyms, platinum pronunciation, platinum translation, English dictionary definition of platinum. Definitions by the largest Idiom Dictionary. 5) because natural truth is not capable of building spiritual worship. 18.) profound spiritual meanings in the atomic weights of chemicals mentioned in the Bible. Polishing brings out a warm glow similar to that of marble. (Numb. What does platinum expression mean? (Rev. But new interpretations of Old Testament scripture combined with modern archaeological and mineralogical data, along with historical information about the availability and sources of specific gem materials during the early biblical period, is providing new ideas about the identity of the breastplate gemstones—a topic that will be discussed in a future article. That the Bible refers to salt (halite, sodium chloride) more than 30 times is not surprising. when used in the phrase "go platinum", it means to sell 1 million copies of an album. Listen to the audio pronunciation in the Cambridge English Dictionary. xxi. In the Scriptures, we find frequent mention of gold, silver, brass [or copper] and iron, and occasional mention of tin, lead, etc. Clay was another common mineral resource of great importance in biblical history. Platinum definition: Platinum is a very valuable , silvery-grey metal. Many believed that Solomon owned gold mines. So long as the heart abides in such good, the falsities of the senses cannot injure the heavenly gold of celestial love. But, of the evil man, who has no higher life, it is said, in Deut. How to say platinum. 25), i. e., the things of the natural life shall be true and good, in the natural degree. to the first century A.D. Biblical archaeologists understandably focus on the Holy Land, the region between the Jordan Rift Valley and the Mediterranean Sea that now includes the State of Israel and the Palestinian territories, along with parts of Lebanon, Syria, and Jordan. Word Origin (Aramaic) corresponding to nechushah Definition copper, bronze NASB Translation bronze (9). Jebel Usdum is a five-mile-long, 720-foot-high ridge consisting almost entirely of layers of rock salt that formed 10 million years ago when seawater repeatedly flooded the deepening Jordan Rift Valley and then evaporated. 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